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Mulki Rules

Mulki Rules were promulgated by Nizam of Hyderabad State in 1919. And these Mulki rules were actually intended to arrest inlux of Non Nizam, that is, Bengali and Hindi people into the service of Nizam State. And thereby to open employment opportunities for local Telugu people. 

It may be noted that in those days official posts were being cornered mostly by Elite Muslims from Hindustan ( North India ), Khayasts and Brahmanas of Bengal Bihar area, Maratha Brahmanas like Deshmukhs, Patils, etc., 

Disgruntled Telugus ( Telangana people ) in 1919 succeeded in making Nizam to issue an order which could eventually reduce import of intellectuals or officials from ‘foreign’ lands such as Hindustan or Bengal. It may be recalled that in 1969 Andhra Pradesh High Court decreed that application of Mulki laws were null and void in the new State. Then Jai Telangana Movement started and violent incidents occurred in Hyderabad against Coastal people. The violence was suppressed at that time.

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        And in 1972 Supreme Court upheld application of Mulki laws in AP State. Then Jai Andhra movement started demanding separation of Andhra State from that of Hyderabadand and the movement run for 110 days. At last Indira Gandhi came out with amendment to Constitution of India by including Article 371D to safeguard employment interests of Telangana region who were at that time thought to be not in a position to compete with Coastal Andhra People. And it was envisaged that all kinds of regional reservations must end by 1980 in order to create positive ground for  integration of people of different regions into one.

          I have no idea of on what grounds High Court rejected Mulki laws and why Supreme Court upheld Mulki in AP State. Upholding of Mulki law by Supreme Court did irreparable damage to the State. May be it was a conspiracy of North Indians in order to prevent integration of AP into one. But it must be noted that Mrs. Indira Gandhi was for one Andhra Pradesh and speedy integration of its peoples. 

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But Judgment issued by Supreme court in 1972 for application of Nizam’s Mulki law against people of former domains (Coastal and Rayalaseema districts) of Nizam after their reunification is most unfortunate event in the History of Andhra Pradesh. These Mulki order of Nizam ordains that a person seeking employment under Nizam must be a citizen of Hyderabad for a period of at least 15 Years. The Mulki rule reads like this,

39. No person will be appointed in any Superior or Inferior services without specific sanction of His exalted Highness, if he is not a Mulki, in terms of the rules laid down in Appendix “ N”

         Clause 6 of Rules:
a) A person shall be called a Mulki if—-

by birth he is a subject of the Hyderabad State, or

b)    by  residence in the Hyderabad State, be entitled to be a Mulki, or

c)   his father having completed 15 years of Service was in the Government Service at the time of his birth , or

d)   she is a wife of a person who is a Mulki.

3)   A person shall be called a Mulki who was a permanent resident of theHyderabad State for at least 15 years and has abandoned the idea of returning to the place of his residence and has obtained an affidavit to that effect on a prescribed form attested by a Magistrate.

It must be noted that this rule issued by Nizam was in fact was poised against non Telugu people who had been cornering employment opportunities under Nizam. Those non Telugu people against whom this law was invoked were Brahmins and Khayasthas from Bengal and Bihar and  Hindustanis – Both Muslim and Hindu. 

It is highly irrelevant and unlawful to apply this law by Telugu people against Telugu people. 

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